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Chelation References & Resources

Ahrens FA and Aronson AL: A comparative study of the toxic effects of calcium and chromium chelates of ethylenediaminetetraacetate in the dog. Toxic Appl Pharmac 18:10, 1971.

Ahrens FA and Aronson AL: Toxicity of calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetate in dogs. Fed Proc Fedn Am Soc Exp Biol 27:1401, 1968.

Altman J, Wakim KG and Winkelmann RK: Effects of edathamil disodium on the kidney. J Invest Derm 38:215-218, 1962.

Angle CR and McIntire MS: Lead poisoning during pregnancy. Fetal tolerance of calcium disodium edetate . Am J Dis Child 108:436, 1964.

Aronov DM: First experience with the treatment of atherosclerosis patients with calcinosis of the arteries with Trilon B (disodium salt of EDTA) Klin Med (Moskva) 41:19-23, 1963.

Aronson AL and Ahrens FA: The mechanism of renal transport and excretion of ethylenediaminetetraacetate with interspecies comparison. Toxic Appl Pharmac 18:1, 1971.

Aronson AL and Hammond PB: Effect of two chelating agents on the distribution and excretion of lead. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 146:241-251, 1964.

Aronson AL, Hammond PB and Strafuss AC: Studies with calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetate in calves; toxicity and use in bovine lead poisoning. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 12:337-349, 1968.

Atwood KC, Woeckner E, Baratz RS, Sampson WI. Why the NIH Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT) should be abandoned. Medscape J Med. 2008 May 13;10(5):115. PubMed PMID: 18596934; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2438277.

Batchelor TM, McCall M and Mosher RM: Potassium dieresis induced by edathamil disodium. JAMA 187:305, 1964.

Bates GW, Billups C and Saltman P: The kinetics and mechanism of iron (III) exchange between chelates and transferrin. II. The presentation and removal with ethylenediaminetetraacetate. J Biol Chem 242:2816, 1967.

Bauchner H, Fontanarosa PB, Golub RM. Evaluation of the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT): the scientific process, peer review, and editorial scrutiny. JAMA. 2013 Mar 27;309(12):1291-2.

Bauer RO, Rullo FR, Spooner C and Woodman E: Acute and subacute toxicity of ethylene diamine tetraacetic (EDTA) salts. Fed Proceed 2:321, 1952.

Bechtel JT, White JE and Estes EH Jr: The electrocardiographic effects of hypocalcemia induced in normal subjects with edathamil disodium. Circulation 13:837, 1956.

Berkman N, Michaeli Y, Or R and Eldor A: EDTA dependent pseudothrombocytopenia: a clinical study of 18 patients and a review of the literature. Am J Hematol 36:195, 1991.

Bessman SP, Ried H and Rubin M: Treatment of lead encephalopathy with calcium disodium versenate. Ann Med Soc DC 21:312, 1952.

Birk RE and Rupe CE: The treatment of systemic sclerosis with disodium EDTA, pyridoxine and reserpine. Henry Ford Hosp Med Bull 14:109, 1966.

Birk RE and Rupe CE: Systemic sclerosis. Fourteen cases treated with chelation (disodium EDTA) and/or pyridoxine, with comments on the possible role of altered tryptophan metabolism in pathogenesis. Henry Ford Hosp Med Bull 10:523, 1962.

Blumer W and Cranton EM: Ninety percent reduction in cancer mortality after chelation therapy with EDTA. J Adv Med 2:183 1989.

Bolick LE and Blankenhor, DH: A quantitative study of coronary arterial calcification. Am J Path 39:511, 1961.

Boyle AJ, Jasper JJ, McCormick H, et al: Studies in human and induced atherosclerosis employing - (EDTA). Bull Swiss Acad Med Sci 13:408, 1957.

Boyle AJ, Clark NE, Mosher RE and McCann DS: Chelation therapy in circulatory and sclerosing diseases. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):243, 1961.

Boyle AJ, Mosher RE and McCann DS: Some in vivo effects of chelation. I. Rheumatoid arthritis. J Chron Dis 16:325, 1963.

Brien TG and Fay JA: 51Cr-EDTA biological half life as an index of renal function. (Letters) J Nucl Med 13:339, 1972.

Brecher A: Bye-Bye Bypass: The Truth About Chelation Therapy. Troup, Texas, Health Savers Press, 1989.

Brown MJ, Willis T, Omalu B, Leiker R. Deaths resulting from hypocalcemia after administration of edetate disodium: 2003-2005. Pediatrics. 2006 Aug;118(2):e534-6. PubMed PMID: 16882789.

Brucknerova O and Malinovska V: First clinical experience with combined treatment with chelation III and glucagon in ischemic disease of the lower extremities. Cas Lek Cas 119:814, 1980.

Brucknerova O, Tulacek J and Krojzl O: Chelates in the treatment of obliterating arteriopathies. Vnitrni Lek 14:841, 1968.

Brucknerova O and Tulacek J: Chelates in the treatment of occlusive arteriosclerosis. Vnitrni Lek 18:729, 1972.

Brugsch HG: Fatal nephropathy during edathamil therapy in lead poisoning. AMA Arch Indust Health 20:285, 1959.

Calcium disodium edetate and disodium edetate. Drugs for human use; drug efficacy study implementation. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Food and Drug Administration. Federal Registrar 35 F.R. 437, 1970.
Casdorph HR: EDTA chelation therapy - efficacy in arteriosclerotic heart disease. J Holistic Med 3:53, 1981.
Casdorph HR: EDTA chelation therapy. II. Efficacy in brain disorders J Holistic Med 3:101, 1981.
Casdorph HR: Chelation therapy: a reappraisal. N Z Med J 66, 1983.

Casdorph HR and Farr CH: EDTA chelation therapy III: treatment of peripheral arterial occlusion, an alternative to amputation. J Holistic Med 5:3, 1983.

Cashion WR Jr: What about chelation? Texas Medicine 80:6, 1984.

Castellino N and Aloj S: Effects of calcium sodium ethylenediaminetetra-acetate on the kinetics of the distribution and excretion of lead in the rat. Brit J Indust Med 22:172, 1965.

Catsch A: Radioactive metal mobilization. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):206, 1961.

Chaitlow L: Chelation Therapy: The Revolutionary Alternative to Heart Surgery. San Francisco, Thorsons SF, 1991.

Chantler C and Barratt TM: Estimation of glomerular filtration rate from plasma clearance of 51-chromium edetic acid. Arch Dis Child 47:613, 1972.

Chantler C, Garnett ES, Parsons V and Veall N: Glomerular filtration rate measurement in man by the single injection method using 51Cr-EDTA. Clin Sci 37:169, 1969.

Chappell LT and Stahl JP: The correlation between EDTA chelation therapy and improvement in cardiovascular function: a meta-analysis. J Adv Med 6:139, 1993.

Chappell LT: Chelation therapy, smoking and health care costs (Letter). J Adv Med 7:107, 1994.
Chappell LT: EDTA chelation therapy should be more commonly used in the treatment of vascular disease. Alternative Therapies Health Med 1:53, 1995.

Chappell LT, Miranda R, Rubin M, Carter JP and Trowbridge J: Chelation therapy (Letter). Circulation 92:1350, 1995.

Chappell LT. Should EDTA chelation therapy be used instead of long-term clopidogrel plus aspirin to treat patients at risk from drug-eluting stents? Altern Med Rev. 2007 Jun;12(2):152-8. Review. PubMed PMID: 17604460.

Chelation therapy (Diagnostic and therapeutic technology assessment). JAMA 250:672, 1983.

Chelation therapy. Resolution: 66 (I-84). AMA House of Delegates. 1984.

Chelation therapy. Report of the Council on Scientific Affairs. Report F (I-84). AMA House of Delegates. 1984.

Chelation therapy - An informal summary. Department of Health & Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Bethesda, Maryland. June 1992.

Chelation therapy: a second look. The Harvard Medical School Health Letter IX:1, 1984.

Chelation Therapy Clinic: Chelation Therapy - The Treatment of Choice for Relief From and Prevention of, Cardiovascular and Age-Related Diseases. Auckland, New Zealand, The Chelation Therapy Clinic, 1987.

Chen IW, Park HM, King LR, Bahr GK and Goldsmith RE: Radioimmunoassay of parathyroid hormone: peripheral plasma immunoreactive parathyroid hormone response to ethylenediaminetetraacetate. J Nucl Med 15:763, 1974.

Chisolm JJ Jr: Chelation therapy in children with subclinical plumbism. Pediatrics 53:441, 1974.
Chisolm JJ Jr: The use of chelating agents in the treatment of acute and chronic lead intoxication in childhood. J Pediat 73:1, 1968.

Clark NE Sr, Atherosclerosis, occlusive vascular disease and EDTA. (Ed) Am J Cardiol 6:233, 1960.
Clarke NE, Clarke CN, Mosher RE: The "in vivo" dissolution of metastatic calcium. An approach to atherosclerosis. Am J Med Sci 229:142, 1955.

Clarke NE, Clarke CN, Mosher RE: Treatment of angina pectoris with disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid. Am J Med Sci 232:654, 1956.

Clarke NE Sr, Clarke NE Jr, Mosher RE: Treatment of occlusive vascular disease with disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) Am J Med Sci, 239:732, 1960.

Clarke NE, Clarke CN, Mosher RE: The "in-vivo" dissolution of metastatic calcium: an approach to atherosclerosis. Am J Med Sci 229:142, 1955.

Clarke NE Sr: Atherosclerosis, occlusive vascular disease and EDTA. Am J Cardiol 6:233, 1960.
Cohen S, Weissler AM and Schoenfeld CD: Antagonism of the contractile effect of digitalis by EDTA in the normal human ventricle. Am Heart J 69:502, 1965.

Conti CR: Chelation therapy for atherosclerosis: one man's view. Clin Cardiol 18:545, 1995.
Couric JM: Chelation therapy overdone. FDA Consumer 16:28. 1982.

Cranton EM and Brecher A: Bypassing Bypass: The New Technique of Chelation Therapy. New York, Stein and Day, 1990.

Cranton EM: Kidney effects of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA): A literature review. J Holistic Med 4:152, 1982.

Cranton EM: The current status of EDTA chelation therapy. J Holistic Med 7:3, 1985.

Cranton EM: Protocol of the American College of Advancement in Medicine for the safe and effective administration of EDTA chelation therapy. J Adv Med 2:269, 1989.

Cranton EM: A textbook on EDTA chelation therapy. J Adv Med 2:1-416, 1989.

Cranton EM and Frackelton JP: Current status of EDTA chelation therapy in occlusive arterial disease. J Holistic Med 1:24, 1982.

Cranton EM and Frackelton JP: Free radical pathology in age-associated diseases: treatment with EDTA chelation, nutrition and antioxidants. J Holistic Med 6:6, 1984.

Cranton EM and Frackelton JP: Negative Danish study of EDTA chelation biased (Letter). Townsend Letter Doctors. July, 604-605, 1992.

Craven PC and Morrelli HF: Chelation therapy. West J Med 122:277, 1975.

Crinnion WJ. EDTA redistribution of lead and cadmium into the soft tissues in a human with a high lead burden - should DMSA always be used to follow EDTA in such cases? Altern Med Rev. 2011 Jun;16(2):109-12. PubMed PMID: 21649453.

Curran CL: Metal chelating agents and hepatic cholesterol synthesis. Proc Soc Exper Biol & Med 88:101, 1955.

Darwish NM and Kratzer FH: Metabolism of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) by chickens. J Nutr 86:187, 1965.

Davis FA, Becker FO, Michael JA and Sorensen E: Effect of intravenous sodium bicarbonate disodium EDTA and hyperventilation on visual and oculomotor signs in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol Neuro-surg Psychiat 33:723, 1970.

Davis PS and Deller DJ: Effect of orally administered chelating agents EDTA, DTPA and fructose on radioiron absorption in man. Aust Ann Med 16:70, 1967.

Davis H and Moe PJ: Favorable response of calcinosis universalis to edathamil disodium. Pediatriacs 24:780, 1959.

Deucher DP: EDTA chelation therapy: an antioxidant strategy. J Adv Med 1:182, 1988.

Diagnostic and therapeutic technology assessment; chelation therapy. JAMA 250:672, 1983.

Donald GF, Hunter GA, Roman W and Taylor AEJ: Current concepts of cutaneous porphyria and its treatment with particular reference to the use of sodium calcium-edetate. Brit J Derm 82:70, 1970.

Donsbach KW: Chelation Therapy; Has the Plug Been Pulled on Our Biggest Killer? Huntington Beach, CA, International Institute of Health, 1981.

Doolan PD, Schwartz SL, Hayes JR, Mullen JC and Cummings NB: An evaluation of the nephrotoxicity of ethylenediaminetetraacetate in the rat. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 10:481, 1967.

Dudley HR, Ritchie AC, Schilling A and Baker WH: Pathologic changes associated with the use of sodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate in the treatment of hypercalcemia. N Eng J Med 252:331, 1955.

EDTA chelation therapy for arteriosclerotic heart disease. Medical Letter 23:51 1981.

EDTA chelation: a rebuttal. J Adv Med 5:3, 1992.

EDTA chelation therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Medical Letter 36:48 1994.

Eliot RS and Blout SG Jr: Calcium, chelates and digitalis. A clinical study. Am Heart J 62:7, 1961.

Emmerson BT: Chronic lead nephropathy. The diagnostic use of calcium EDTA and the association with gout. Aust Ann Med 12:310, 1963.

Escolar E, Lamas GA, Mark DB, Boineau R, Goertz C, Rosenberg Y, Nahin RL, Ouyang P, Rozema T, Magaziner A, Nahas R, Lewis EF, Lindblad L, Lee KL. The effect of an EDTA-based chelation regimen on patients with diabetes mellitus and prior myocardial infarction in the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT). Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jan;7(1):15-24.
Estep HL, Gardner CT Jr, Taylor JP, Minott A and Tucker HStG Jr: Phosphate excretion patterns following intravenous injection of ethylenediaminetetraacetate ((EDTA). J Clin Endocr 25:1385, 1965.

Favre HR and Wing AJ: Simultaneous 51Cr edetic acid, inulin, and endogenous creatinine clearances in 20 patients with renal disease. Brit Med J 1:84, 1968.

Feigen RD, Shannon DC, Reynolds SL, Shapiro LW and Connelly JP: Lead poisoning in children. Clin Pediat 4:38, 1965.

Fink CW and Baum J: Treatment of calcinosis universalis with chelating agents. Am J Dis Child 105:390, 1963.

Flynn DM: 5-year controlled trial of chelating agents in treatment of thalassaemia major. Arch Dis Child 48:829, 1973.

Foreman H: Pharmacology of Some Useful Chelating Agents. In Seven MJ and Johnson LA (eds): Metal-Binding in Medicine. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1960.

Foreman H: Summary remarks by the chairman. [Proceedings of a conference on biological apects of metal-binding.] Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):257, 1961.

Foreman H: Use of chelating agents in treatment of metal poisoning with special emphsis on lead). Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):191, 1961.

Foreman H: Toxic side effects of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. J Chron Dis 16:319, 1963.

Foreman H, Vier M and Magee M: The metabolism of C14 labeled ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid in the rat. J Biol Chem 203:1045, 1953.

Foreman H, Finnegan C and Lushbaugh CC: Nephrotoxic hazard from uncontrolled edathamil calcium-disodium therapy. JAMA 160:1042, 1956.

Foreman H and Trujillo TT: The metabolism of 14C-labelled ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid in human beings. J Lab Clin Med 43:566, 1954.

Forssman O and Nordqvist P: The action in vitro and in vivo od sodium versenate on the phagocytic activity of neutrophile leukocytes. Acta Haemat 31:289, 1964.

Friedel W, Schulz FH and Schröder I: Arteriosclerosis therapy with mucopolysaccharides and EDTA. Deutsch Gesundh 20:1566, 1965.

Fromke VL, Lee MY and Watson CJ: Porphyrin metabolism during Versenate® therapy in lead poisoning. Intoxication from an unusual source. Ann Intern Med 70:1007, 1969.

Frustaci A, Magnavita N, Chimenti C, Caldarulo M, Sabbioni E, Pietra R, Cellini C, Possati GF, Maseri A. Marked elevation of myocardial trace elements in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy compared with secondary cardiac dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 May;33(6):1578-83.

Fuleihan FJD, Kurban AK, Abboud RT, Beidas-jubran N and Farah FS: An objective evaluation of the treatment of systemic scleroderma with disodium EDTA, pyridoxine and reserpine. Brit J Derm 80:184, 1968.

Ghiringhelli L and Respighi E: The tubular reabsorption of phosphorus during the test of parathyroid stimulation by versenate (test of Kaiser &Ponsold). Atti Acad Med Lombarda 18:191, 1963.

Ghiringhelli L, Marinoni E and Respighi E: Study of the parathyroid function by means of the Kaiser &Ponsold test in a group of thyroidectomized patients. Minerva Med 54:2829, 1963.

Gibbons HL: Edetate disodium calcium, calcium-channel blockers, and heart disease. JAMA 246:1728, 1981.

Gil HW, Kang EJ, Lee KH, Yang JO, Lee EY, Hong SY. Effect of glutathione on the cadmium chelation of EDTA in a patient with cadmium intoxication. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2011 Jan;30(1):79-83. doi: 10.1177/0960327110369818. Epub 2010 Apr 22. PubMed PMID: 20413561.

Godfrey ME: EDTA chelation as a treatment of arteriosclerosis NZ Med J 93:199, 1990.

Godfrey ME, Frackleton JP and Chappell LT: Chelation therapy for intermittent claudication (Letter). Z Med J 107:495, 1994.

Godfrey ME, Agnihotri R, and Strauss A: Chelation and arteriosclerosis. NZ Med J 101(838):21, 1988.

Goldsmith RE, King LR, Zalme E and Bahr GK: Serum calcium homeostasis in radioiodine treated thyrotoxic subjects as measured by ethylenediamine tetraacetate infusion. Acta Endocrin 58:565, 1968.

Gordon GB and Vance RB: EDTA chelation therapy for atherosclerosis: history and mechanisms of action. Osteopath Ann 4:38, 1976.

Gotto AM Jr: Chelation therapy in 1984. Texas Medicine 80:36, 1984.

Gould RG: Metals and chelating agents in relation to atherosclerosis. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):252, 1961.

Grier MT and Meyers DG: So much writing, so little science: A review of 37 years of literature on edetate sodium chelation therapy. Ann Pharmacother 27:1504, 1993.

Guldager B, Jelnes R, Jorgenson SJ, et al: EDTA treatment of intermittent claudication - a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Intern Med 231:261, 1992.

Gutteridge JMC: Ferrous-salt promoted damage to deoxyribose and benzoate, the increased effectiveness of hydroxyl-radical scavengers in the presence of EDTA. Biochem J 243:709, 1987.

Halstead BW: The scientific basis of EDTA chelation therapy. Colton, California, Golden Quill Publishers, 1979.

Hancke C and Flytlie K: Manipulation with EDTA. Ugeskr Laeger 154:2213, 1992.

Hancke C and Flytlie K: Benefits of EDTA chelation therapy on arteriosclerosis. J Adv Med 6:161, 1993.

Hansotia P, Peters H, Bennett M and Brown R: Chelation therapy in Wegener's granulomatosis. Treatment with EDTA. Ann Otol 78:388, 1969.

Hardy HL: Clinical experience with the use of calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate in the therapy of lead poisoning. Fed Proc 20 (Suppl 10):252, 1961.

Harper JW and Gordon GF: Reprints of medical literature on chelation therapy. Los Angeles, American Academy of Medical Preventics, 1975.

Haumont S and Vincent J: Action of calcium versenate on lead fixed in vivo in compact bone. Exp Cell Res 18:404, 1959.

Hausmann E: Changes in plasma phosphate concentration on infusion of calcium gluconate or Na2EDTA. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 134:182, 1970.

Hay DR: Chelation therapy. N Z Med J 101(841):122, 1988.

Hay DR: Chelation therapy. N Z Med J 101(845):246, 1988.

Heath DA, Knapp MS and Walker WHC: Comparison between inulin and 51Cr-labelled edetic acid for the measurement of glomerular filtration-rate. Lancet 2:1110, 1968.

Heller J and Vostal J: Renal excretion of calcium-disodium-ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid - a new tubular secretory mechanism? Experientia 20:99, 1964.

Herd JK and Vaughan JH: Calcinosis universalis complicating dermatomyositis - its treatment with Na2EDTA. Report of two cases in children. Arthritis Rheum 7:259, 1964.

Holland JF, Danielson E and Sahagian-Edwards A: Use of EDTA in hypercalcemic patients. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 84:359, 1953.

Horowitz BZ, Mirkin DB. Lead poisoning and chelation in a mother-neonate pair. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2001;39(7):727-31. PubMed PMID: 11778671

Hösli P: Therapy of scleroderma with the disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; a contribution to the toxicology of versenate. Part I. Arzneimittelforschung 10:65, 1960.

Hösli P: Therapy of scleroderma with the disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; a contribution to the toxicology of versenate. Part II. Arzneimittelforschung 10:177, 1960.

Hu H, Pepper L, Goldman R. Effect of repeated occupational exposure to lead, cessation of exposure, and chelation on levels of lead in bone. Am J Ind Med. 1991;20(6):723-35. PubMed PMID: 1805610

Jick S and Karsh R: The effect of calcium chelation on cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances. Am J Cardiol 4:287, 1959.

Johnson SAM: Use of the chelating agent edathamil disodium in acrosclerosis, sarcoidosis and other skin conditions with comments on tryptophan metabolism in sarcoidosis. Wisconson Med J 59:651, 1960.

Jonas WB: Meta-analysis of EDTA chelation: math that doesn't matter. J Adv Med 7:109, 1994.

Jonas WB: Effectiveness of EDTA chelation therapy. Circulation 5:1352, 1995.

Jones KH and Fourman P: Edetic-acid test of parathyroid insufficiency. Lancet 2:119, 1963.

Jones RJ: Chelation therapy (Letter). JAMA 250:672, 1983.

Julian JJ: Pass or Bypass? Chelation Extends Life. Hollywood, Wellness Press, 1981.

Kalliomaki JL, Markkanen TK and Mustonen VA: Serum calcium and phosphorous homeostasis in man studied by means of the sodium EDTA test. Acta Med Scan 170:211, 1961.

Kaman RL, Rudolph CJ, McDonagh EW and Walker FM: Effect of EDTA chelation therapy on aortic calcium in rabbits on atherogenic diets; quantitative and histochemical studies. J Adv Med 3:13, 1990.

Kebe SR: ACTH and a chelating agent for schizophrenia. West Med 4:46, 1963.

Klein R and Harris SB: Treatment of scleroderma, sclerodactylia and calcinosis by chelation (EDTA). Am J Med 19:798, 1955.

Kitchell JR, Meltzer LE, and Seven MJ: Potential uses of chelation methods in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 3: 338, 1961.

Kitchell JR, Palmon F Jr, Aytan N, et al: The treatment of coronary artery disease with disodium EDTA. A reappraisal. Am J Card 11:501, 1963.

Kneller LA, Uhl HSM and Brem J: Successful calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate treatment of lead poisoning in an infant. N Engl J Med 252:338, 1955.

Koen A, McCann DS and Boyle AJ: Some in vivo effects of chelation. II. Animal experimentation. J Chron Dis 16:329, 1963.

Konradi MG: Use of disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate test for diagnosing latnet forms of hypoparathyroidism. Prob Endokrinol 23:46, 1977.

Kozlov VA and Novikova VM: Calcium ion-dependent immunosuppressive effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Epidemiol Immunobiol 1:69, 1978.

Lamar CP: Chelation therapy of occlusive arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients. Angiology 15:379, 1964.

Lamar CP: Chelation endarterectomy for occlusive atherosclerosis. J Am Geriatrics Soc 15: 272, 1966.

Lamas GA, Goertz C, Boineau R, Mark DB, Rozema T, Nahin RL, Lindblad L, Lewis EF, Drisko J, Lee KL; Effect of disodium EDTA chelation regimen on cardiovascular events in patients with previous myocardial infarction: the TACT randomized trial. JAMA. 2013 Mar 27;309(12):1241-50.

Lamb DJ and Leake DS: The effect of EDTA on the oxidation of low density lipoprotein. Atherosclerosis 94:35, 1992.

Lamson DW, Wright JV. A case of early renal functional impairment resolved with nutrients and botanicals. Altern Med Rev. 2003 Feb;8(1):55-8. PubMed PMID:12611561.

Laslett L. Did you know? Chelation therapy: new proof of lack of efficacy.Prev Cardiol. 2002 Spring;5(2):92-3. PubMed PMID: 11986556

Lee BK, Schwartz BS, Stewart W, Ahn KD. Provocative chelation with DMSA and EDTA: evidence for differential access to lead storage sites. Occup Environ Med.1995 Jan;52(1):13-9. PubMed PMID: 7697134; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1128144

Leipzig LJ, Boyle AJ and McCann DS: Case histories of rheumatoid arthritis treated with sodium or magnesium EDTA. J Chron Dis 22:553, 1970.

Leitner SA: Last chance to live. Wade Allen Publishing, Chesterfield, MO, 1980.

Lelievre P and Betz EH: Effect of versene on oxygen consumption of tissues in vitro. C R Soc Biol 155:199, 1961.

Liberman UA, Barzel U, De Vries A and Ellis H: Myositis ossificans traumatica with unusual course. Effect of EDTA on calcium, phosphorus and mangenese excretion. Am J Med Sci 254:35, 1967.

Lilis R, Fischbein A. Chelation therapy in workers exposed to lead. A critical review. JAMA. 1976 Jun 28;235(26):2823-4. PubMed PMID: 819666

Lochte HL Jr, Ferrebee JW and Thomas ED: The effect of heparin and EDTA on DNA synthesis by marrow in vitro. J Lab Clin Med 55435, 1960.

Lockefeer JH, Hackeng WHL and Birkenhagër JC: Parathyroid hormone secretion in disorders of calcium metabolism studied by means of EDTA. Act Endocr 75:286, 1974.

Lonsdale D: EDTA chelation therapy (Letter). Am J Surg 166:316, 1993.

Luchi RJ, Helwig J Jr and Conn HL Jr: Quinidine txoicity and its treatment. An experimental study. Am Heart J 65:340, 1963.

Lyons RD: Chelation: miracle cure or false hope? Med J Aust 142: 519, 1985.

Magee HR: Chelation therapy for atherosclerosis (Letter). Med J Aust 143:127, 1985.

Magee R: Chelation treatment of atherosclerosis Med J Aust 142:514, 1985.

Malinovska V, Zechmeister A, Brucknerova E et al: Ultrahistochemical study of the effect of glucagon and Chelation III on arterial wall structure after experimental calcification. Folia Morphologica 28:20, 1978.

Marcelle R and Lecomte J: On the cardiovascular activities of the sodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. C R Soc Biol 153:1483, 1959.

Margolis S: Chelation therapy is ineffective for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. Alternative Therapies Health Med 1:53, 1995.

Marlow CG and Sheppard G: [51Cr] EDTA, [hydroxymethyl-14C] inulin-T for the determination of glomerular filtration rate. Clin Chim Acta 28:479, 1970.

Marney SR Jr and Des Prez RM: Rabbit platelet injury by soluble antigen and antibody. III. Effects of the sodium and magnesium salts of EDTA and EGTA. J Immun 106:1446, 1971.

Marsh L and Fraser FC: Chelating agents and teratogenesis. (Letter) Lancet 1:846, 1973.

Maxwell GM, Elliot RB and Robertson E: The effect of Na3EDTA-induced hypocalcemia upon the general and coronary hemodynamics of the intact animal. Am Heart J 66:82, 1963.

Mayan H, Salomon O, Pauzner R, et al: EDTA-induced pseudothrombocytopenia. South Med J 85:213, 1992.

McCann DS, Koen Z, Zdybek G and Boyle AJ: Effect of chelation on phosphorus metabolism in experimental atherosclerosis. Circ Res 11:880, 1962.

McCoy JE, Carre IJ and Freeman M: A controlled trial of edathamil calcium disodium in acrodynia. Pediatrics 25:304, 1960.

McDonagh E, Rudolph, CJ, and Cheraskin E: An oculocerebrovasculometric analysis of the improvement in arterial stenosis following EDTA chelation therapy. J Holistic Med 4:21, 1982.

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus supportive multivitamin-trace mineral supplementation upon renal function: a study in serum creatinine. J Holistic Med 4:146, 1982.

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: Effect of EDTA chelation therapy plus multivitamin trace mineral supplementation upon vascular dynamics: ankle/brachial doppler systolic blood pressure ratio. J Holistic Med 7:16, 1985

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The influence of EDTA salts plus multivitamin-trace mineral therapy upon total serum cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Med Hypotheses 9:643, 1982.

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The homeostatic effect of EDTA with supportive multivitamin trace mineral supplementation upon high-density lipoproteins (HDL). J Osteopath Phys Surg Calf 8: #2, Spring 1982.

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The effect of intra-venous disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) plus supportive multivitamin/trace mineral supplementation upon fasting serum calcium. Med Hypotheses 11:431, 1982.

McDonagh EW, Rudolph CJ, and Cheraskin E: The glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) distribution in EDTA-chelation-eligible patients. J Orthomolecular Psych 12:72, 1983.

McDonagh EW and Rudolph CJ: A Collection of Published Papers Showing the Efficacy of EDTA Chelation Therapy. Gladstone, MD, McDonagh Medical Center, 1991.

McDonagh EW: Chelation Can Cure: How to Reverse Heart Disease, Diabetes, Stroke, High Blood Pressure or Surgery. Kansas City, Platinum Pen Publications, 1983.

McGill WF: The effects of EDTA chelation therapy on plaque calcium and mineral metabolism in atherosclerotic rabbits. Dissertation Abstracts International Vol. 41, No. 04, October 1980.

McGillen M J and Mancini GBJ: Inefficacy of EDTA chelation therapy for coronary atherosclerosis. N Engl J Med 318:1618, 1988.

McGivern J, Mason J. The effect of chelation on the fate of intravenously administered cadmium in rats. J Comp Pathol. 1979 Jan;89(1):1-9. PubMed PMID: 106075

Mehbod H: Treatment of lead intoxication. Combined use of peritoneal dialysis and edetate calcium disodium. JAMA 201:972, 1967.

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Meltzer LE, Palmon FJ, and Kitchell JR: Hypoglycemia induced by disodium ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid. Lancet 2:637, 1961.

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